How can congenital heart disease be prevented?
Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant can take certain precautions to reduce the risk of having a baby with a congenital heart defect:
If you're planning to become pregnant, talk to your doctor about any prescription or over-the-counter medications you're taking.
If you have diabetes, make sure your blood sugar levels are under control before you become pregnant. It's also important to work with your doctor to manage the disease during pregnancy.
If you haven't been vaccinated against rubella or rubella, avoid exposure and talk to your doctor about prevention options.
If you have a family history of congenital heart defects, ask your doctor about genetic testing. Certain genes may contribute to abnormal heart development.